Type 2 Diabetes – The Importance of Diabetics Maintaining Healthy Bones

Although people who have been diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes tend to have dense bones, they are at risk for bone fractures. In 2013 Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore in the United States, reported the results of a study of over 15,000 participants taken over a period of 20 years. It was found Type 2 diabetics were 74 percent more likely to have bone fractures requiring hospitalization than nondiabetics. Investigators at the State University of New York in Syracuse in the United States, looked more closely at the bones of diabetic patients to understand the apparent contradiction.

Their study, reported on in the Osteoporosis International in April 2014, included 100 women between the ages of 30 and 90…

Bones are made up of tiny spicules which, when well connected, form strong bone. When the spicules grow more or less randomly, like a microscopic haystack, they can be dense without strength. It was found, although bones of diabetics were more dense than those of the nondiabetic participants, the latter had better bone architecture.

Among the diabetic participants those with HbA1c levels of 7.5 percent or below had better bone architecture than those with levels above 7.5 percent.

From the above information, it was not surprising to find it was concluded more research is warranted to discover more about how good blood sugar control helps build higher quality, stronger bones.

Brittle bone disease, although more common in older women, can strike at any age and in either gender. Controlling Type 2 diabetes by…

  • eating a healthful vegan diet,
  • aerobic exercise,
  • faithfully testing blood sugar levels, and
  • taking prescribed medications as advised by your doctor
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can all help to prevent bone fractures.

Other ways of maintaining healthy bones include taking in sufficient…

  • calcium,
  • magnesium, and
  • vitamin D, and
  • performing weight-bearing exercises.

Bones undergo constant remodeling throughout our lives, so adults need to take in calcium for their bones – just as children do. Bones are broken down in some places and built up in others as demand dictates. Vitamin D and magnesium help with absorption of calcium. Getting calcium from dark green vegetables such as kale and turnip greens has an advantage over the use of dairy products. Dairy products are high in protein, lowering absorption of calcium. Vegetables with their relatively lower amount of protein, are better for calcium absorption.

Once calcium has been absorbed it is time to send it to the bones by creating the demand for it. Weight-bearing exercises, such as…

  • lifting books or dumbbells over your head, or
  • walking,

will put some strain onto the bones, creating the demand for more bone. With an HbA1c of 7.5 percent or lower, it should be high quality bone.

Source by Beverleigh H Piepers

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